Avsa Island, which is located in the Marmara region, belongs to Balikesir Province. It is located in the southwest of the Marmara Sea and it is one of the islands that comprise the archipelago termed the Marmara Islands. The first surviving written informations about the first indigenous people of the island were recorded by the historian Strabon and the geographer Pliny. Various flint and bone tools, spindles, whorls and millstones that have been discovered on the coastline of Avsa Island in recent years, is strengthening the idea that history of the settlement dates back to much earlier than was recorded in the ancient sources.
The first research on the settlement was carried out by Prof. Mehmet Özdoğan in 1993. The settlement area was also investigated by Prof. Dr. Nergis Günsenin in 1994. The materials and remains can be easily seen at a depth of 1.5 - 2 meters from the coast. From the fact that the mound has probably been exposed to wave erosion over the years, one part of the mound is submerged today and the other part is on shore, it is understood the former shoreline is under the waves today and the present shoreline is further inland.
In the studies that was conducted by our research team, ceramics and instances of pithos shaped ceramic graves which are thought to belong to the Neolithic, Calcolithic and intensely to the Bronze Age were discovered in the submerged are of the mound. In addition to these discoveries, various ceramic examples and ruins that dating from the Hellenistic period to Late Antiquity have been also discovered. It proves that this island has been a human settlement area from Prehistoric times to the present.
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